الإثنين 27 مايو 2024

A Once-in-Centuries Total Solar Eclipse Offers a Treasure Trove of Scientific Data

موقع أيام نيوز

On April 8th, a rare celestial event captivated millions across North America, from the northern reaches of Mexico through the United States and into southeastern Canada. Dubbed a “once-in-centuries” phenomenon by astronomers and enthusiasts alike, this total solar eclipse offered more than just a stunning visual spectacle; it presented unparalleled opportunities for scientific discovery.

 



 

The total eclipse occurred during a period of solar maximum, offering a unique chance to observe comet visibility against the darkened sun, marking the longest total eclipse in the U.S. since 1806 and the darkest in 217 years.

NASA Deputy Director Pam Melroy highlighted the event’s “extraordinary scientific opportunities,” as the agency closely monitored the eclipse, launching “research rockets” to explore its effects on Earth’s upper atmosphere.



 

 

Unveiling the Sun’s Corona

One of the most anticipated aspects of this eclipse was the visibility of the sun’s corona, its outer atmosphere

which becomes spectacularly visible when the moon obscures the sun. This phenomenon provides a rare opportunity to study the corona’s intricate structures and dynamics, which remain not fully understood. The corona’s temperature paradoxically increases with distance from the sun’s surface, a mystery that continues to puzzle scientists. The eclipse offered a moment to observe solar flares and prominences—giant structures of plasma erupting from the sun—with unprecedented clarity.

clarity.